At the studbook inspection a mare can be offered for a registration in the studbook. If she complies with the preconditions according to the jury, the mare will be registered in the studbook. By meeting certain requirements for conformation or performance, a mare can be acknowledged with a predicate. Predicates are important indicators for a breeder concerning the quality of their mare.
For the jumping- and dressage-bred mares we have the following predicates: Ster, Keur, PROK, IBOP, EPTM, Elite, Sport, Preferent and Prestatie. If a mare has a predicate, this predicate is mentioned on the registration paper.
Studbook inspections are also open to geldings ages three and up competing for the ster predicate. However, geldings and unapproved stallions are not registered in the main studbook.
KWPN-approved stallions are awarded predicates for the outstanding traits they pass on to their offspring. Approved stallions are eligible for the keur and preferent predicates. The stallion selection committee decides if a stallion qualifies for a predicate based on his breeding values.
A mare with the predicate ster has proven that she has a correct and functional conformation and a proper manner of movement and/or jumping. During the studbook inspection a mare can receive the predicate ster directly, if she is awarded with enough points. Jumping bred mares must at least obtain 70 points for conformation, a minimum of 75 points for jumping and on average 60 points for the walk and trot to be awarded with the ster predicate.
Dressage-bred mares must at least obtain 70 points for conformation and at least 75 points for the movements.
If the mare does obtain 70 points for her conformation, but not the required 75 points for loose movement or loose jumping, then it is possible to offer a mare for a performance test, the IBOP test or the EPTM. During this test, the mare has another chance to show her performance in dressage or jumping. If she does obtain the required 75 points in this test, then she is awarded with the ster predicate after all. Mares that have obtained 70 points as a jumper for conformation, but not the required 75 points for jumping or free movement, can also become a ster mare if she obtains the predicate sport (jumping) or sport (dressage) later on in the sports. KWPN-horses of all breeding sorts must comply with the rule that they have a minimum height at withers of 1,60 meter to be considered for the ster predicate.
|Criteria acceptance studbook / ster predicate
Dressage and Jumper horses
– Minimum age: 3 years
– Minimum height: 1.58 meter (1.60 meter for the ster predicate)
– The mare meets the requirements for registration in the dressage or jumping discipline within the riding type breeding direction.
– The mare was deemed to be free from of any noticeable (heritable) defects or deviations at the studbook inspection. Examples are: eye defects, small, missing or underdeveloped eye; an over- or underbite; abnormalities in the stifle or hock, particularly in combination with deviating build/stance of the hindleg; dissimilar hooves; irregular movement or deviation in movement.
– At the studbook inspection the mare earned the minimum points below for conformation, movement and (potential) jumping:
|Studbook||≥ 50 points||Average ≥ 50 points|
|Ster predicate||≥ 70 points||Average ≥ 75 points|
|Studbook||≥ 50 points||Average ≥ 50 points||Average ≥ 50 points|
|Ster predicate||≥ 70 points||Average ≥ 60 points||Average ≥ 75 points|
For Harness and Gelder horses different rules apply:
|Criteria for the studbook and ster predicate Harness or Gelder Horse– Minimum age: 3 years
– Minimum height: 1.58m (1.60m for the star predicate)
– The mare must meet the requirements for registration in the harness or Gelder breeding direction.
– The mare is free of outwardly observable (hereditary) defects and/or deviations. Examples include congenital eye defects, small or under developed eye, over- or under bit, abnormal knee and/or hock, alone or in combination with abnormal construction and/or position of the hindleg, abnormal or uneven hoof shape, irregular or deviating movement.
– For the ster predicate, the Gelder horse must score a minimum of 60 points for movement and a minimum of 140 points for two of the three scores for conformation, movement or jumping (which always includes the conformation score) at the studbook inspection.
– During the studbook inspection the mare has at least the minimum scores for the following:
|Studbook||≥ 50 points||≥ 50 points|
|Ster predicate||≥ 68 points||≥ 68 points||≥140|
(confomation + movement or conformation + jumping)
|Studbook||≥ 50 points||≥ 50 points|
|Ster predicate||≥ 68 points||≥ 60 points||≥140|
The Keur predicate informs the breeder that he has a full-quality mare. The conformation of the mare and her talent for the sport are above average. Studbook mares with the predicate ster can be offered at the Central Inspection to be considered for the predicate ‘preliminary keur’.
At the Central Inspection, the mares are judged and placed in order of quality. Depending on the quality, the jury decides which and how many mares become preliminary keur. To become keur, they have shown in the sport or in a performance test that they have enough talent as a sporthorse. If a mare with the predicate preliminary keur passes the performance test, she will receive the predicate Keur. Another option for such a mare to receive the predicate keur is to show in the sport that she has enough qualities as a sport-horse. A jumper must be M-jumping (1.20m) or M-eventing (cross 1.00m, Jumping Course 1.05m) and have five winning points. Dressage mares must be Z1-dressage with one winning point or M-eventing with five winning points.
PROK means Project Röntgenologisch Onderzoek KWPN (Project Radiographical Research KWPN). The breeding purpose of the KWPN states among other things that it wants to breed healthy horses. The predicate PROK is awarded to mares that comply with the radiographic conditions of the studbook. For the breeder this entails that his mare has good bone quality and is therefore able to pass on a good basis to her offspring. The studbook has acknowledged veterinary surgeons throughout the country who can make X-rays. When the X-rays have been judged and approved of by an independent KWPN-committee, the PROK-certificate can be given. The Veterinary Regulation describes the requirements to be met by the mares.
The IBOP (Individueel Bruikbaarheids Onderzoek Paarden) is a one-day performance test in which a jury will judge mares under the saddle. The test includes the estimation of her talent for the sport. Dressage horses are evaluated in a dressage test. Afterwards, the jury will ask to repeat a number of elements by direction of the jury. Jumpers must jump a number of obstacles by direction of the jury. A maximum of 100 points can be obtained, and with 75 points a mare has passed the test she will receive the predicate of IBOP.
The EPTM (Eigen Prestatie Toets Merries) (Own Performance Test Mares) is a talent test in which the owner of a mare farms out the daily care and the training to an EPTM-teststation. Depending on the level of training of the horse, either a five- or two-week test is possible. The training for the dressage horses focuses on showing pace gaits, in such a way that the jury can form a good picture of the horse’s talent. The training for jumpers focuses on jumping over a number of obstacles, again in such a way that the jury can form a good picture of the horse’s talent. The horses are judged multiple times during the EPTM. A maximum of 100 points can be obtained, and with 75 points a mare has passed the test she will receive the predicate EPTM-jumping or dressage.
Mares with the Keur-predicate receive the predicate ‘elite’ if they have the PROK-predicate as well and therefore comply with the radiographical conditions of the KWPN. The predicate elite is the highest predicate that a mare can obtain in the area of conformation and health. A mare with this predicate is part of an exclusive group of very full-quality mares. A breeder with an elite mare has a healthy mare, with an above average conformation and a talent for the sport.
In order to deserve the predicate sport, a mare must comply with the requirements drawn up in the sport. Riding mares receive the predicate sport with a performance of Z2 dressage with one winning point (obtained when scoring 60% or higher), Z-jumping with six winning points (3 clear rounds) or Z-eventing with five winning points.
When a mare has achieved the predicate preferent, this means that her offspring has performed well at the inspection. This is an important predicate for a broodmare, because a preferent mare has proven to deliver offspring with a good conformation and the necessary talent for a jumper. If at least three members of her offspring have achieved the predicate ster, keur or elite at an inspection or if they are appointed for a second review during a KWPN-Stallion Show, the mare has deserved the preferent predicate. A descendant registered as an approved stallion in a studbook acknowledged by the KWPN does also count for the preferent status of his mother.
The predicate Prestatie indicates the power of inheritance of a mare with respect to sport. This predicate is also of great value to a broodmare. It means that her offspring performs well in the sport. To achieve this predicate, a mare with a maximum of three descendants must achieve a minimum of five points according to the system explained on the page score for Prestatie predicate. A mare with, for example, two descendants at Z-jumping with winning points and one having five winning points in M-jumping, has exactly five points and is therefore eligible for the Prestatie predicate.